Pigs LOVE to eat! It’s likely not surprising that the proper type and amount of food your pig gets is very important. Don’t be fooled by the instinctual nature of a pig, he or she will act hungry all day, even with a full tummy. Good training is the key to keeping your pet pig well mannered around feeding time, especially if you have your pet pig as a house pet. You do not want to create a monster, a pro at begging.
We feed our pigs Micro miniature pig pellets, that you usually can purchase at your local feed store or order online from Mazuri.com. Your pig should be fed twice a day. A young pig weighing 10 pounds gets about 1/2 cup of pellets per feeding. It is vital to feed your pig well and appropriately. A healthy balance is crucial; underfeeding is cruel and dangerous and will ultimately kill your pet just as much as overfeeding would.
NEVER feed cat or dog food to your pig. The macro-nutrients that make up your pigs general nutrition should be a combination that is low in protein, 12% or 14%, and high in fibre, with as little fat as possible. Please do not feed your pet pig “people food”. By “people food” we mean processed foods that are not meant for a pig. Feeding your pig a processed and inappropriate diet will create a fat and unhealthy pig.
Pigs love to graze. Even indoor pigs, need time outdoors. It is very important for your pet pig to have a chance to root and to do its piggy thing. Be prepared, though, for them to uproot your yard. If you don’t want your yard dug up, provide your pet pig with its own area. In the summer, if it is doing a lot of grazing, you may need to decrease its food a bit. In the winter, you may give your pig some quality hay.
A healthy diet for a pig includes a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables. However, there are some fruits and vegetables that are not good for your pig. Be sure to see below for a list of which foods to avoid. It is important for us to repeat the mantra: don’t overfeed your pig. Around the time your pig reaches one year of age, you may need to slightly decrease the amount you feed him or her depending on your pig’s metabolism and activity level. Each pig is different and you will need to experiment with how much food it needs to remain healthy and fit but NOT fat.
Foods to Avoid
Kitchen scraps, junk food, processed foods, sweets, white flour products of any kind, potatoes, tomatoes, meat and dairy. Never give your pig chocolate.
Foods to Limit
Excessive amounts of fruits that contain a high sugar content, yams and sweet potato. Very limited amounts organic corn and husks are a great treat now and then.
Raisins, fresh veggies, raw nuts and seeds, whole grains, bite-size shredded wheat, cut up veggies and, of course, un-buttered, unsalted air-popped popcorn.
Your pig’s overall health and appearance are the best guides to determine the proper amount of food.
Water is extremely important for the health of your pig. It is best to have a shallow, sturdy dish that is not easily knocked over. Make sure that your pig has access to clean drinking water at all times.
Exercise is also very important for your pet pig. It is up to you, as the owner, to make sure your pig has the means to proper exercise. A fit and healthy pig should be well rounded, yet lean, with no visible ribs or hip bones. If your pig is an indoor pet and has no access to outdoors at your home, it is important to take your pig for walks or to spend time at a park running around. This will give the pig exercise as well as trim it’s hooves naturally when walking on concrete or gravel. Pigs also love to bath and are able to swim. But take due care to limit this in order to prevent dry skin. Providing your pig with stimulation wards of boredom and, in the end, promotes better behavior.